Retaliation is when your employer reacts to you exercising your rights against discrimination in a negative manner. There are many ways your employer may retaliate.
According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, there are many types of retaliation. This can make it difficult to know if what your employer is doing falls under this category of action. In most cases, though, if something has a negative impact, it is retaliation.
Impacts on your earnings
Retaliation may have an impact on your earnings. Your employer may reduce your hours, demote you to a position that pays less or take away your benefits. Any action like this could be a retaliation to your actions if they occur after you assert your rights and are not something that was in the plans prior to your actions.
Impacts on your reputation
Some employers may not be obvious about retaliation tactics. They may do things that impact how others see you or that could damage your reputation as a worker. An example of this type of action may be if your employer gives you a harsh review that is much different from reviews you have had in the past. If an employer spreads rumors about you, that also could be retaliation.
Impacts on your comfort
Sometimes an employer will just make your workplace intolerable in hopes that you will quit. Doing things that make you uncomfortable or that force you to do things out of the normal course of your job duties could be retaliation. An example may be changing your work schedule or denying time off requests without good reason or explanation.
You have legal protection against all types of retaliation. You can report your employer for these actions.